There are several treatment options available for Stage 0 colon cancer, which may include a colonoscopy and laparoscopic surgery. Stage IIIC colon cancer, on the other hand, is more aggressive and may require surgery. The following article provides an overview of treatment options for this type of cancer. For more information, please consult a doctor. This article also discusses the differences between Stage 0 and Stage IIIC colon cancer. Weigh the benefits and risks of each procedure.
Stage 0 colon cancer may be treated by colonoscopy
A stage 0-colon cancer diagnosis can be made based on the presence of abnormal cells in the colon wall. This type of cancer is also known as carcinoma in situ. A polypectomy may be performed to remove the malignant cells. Excision is another procedure to remove a larger section of cancerous cells. It can often be performed during a colonoscopy. If the cancer is not found during the procedure, it may require treatment with chemotherapy or radiation.
The first step in determining the presence of colorectal cancer is a comprehensive medical history and physical examination. After a thorough medical examination, your doctor may recommend endoscopic procedures to detect cancer polyps. These tests may include sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, barium enema, or a virtual colonoscopy. Imaging tests may also be performed to determine the extent of the cancer. PET scans and CT scans are also used to diagnose stage 0 colon cancer. A biopsy is also performed to confirm the diagnosis. Some stage-I cancers may require surgery to remove the polyps.
Stage 0 colon cancer may be treated by laparoscopic surgery
Colon cancer may be categorized by stages depending on its extent. In stage 0, the cancer hasn’t spread to the outer layers of the colon and is considered a type of carcinoma in situ, which is often treatable. Stages I and II are more serious and may require more extensive surgery, including colon resection. Stage 0 colon cancer may be treated with laparoscopic surgery, which involves cutting the infected area with a thin knife.
In stage 0 colon cancer, the treatment depends on the size of the cancer, its aggressiveness, and general health. In stage 0 colon cancer, a local excision may be enough to remove the cancer. In stage II and stage III, the cancer may require surgery to remove the entire section of the colon. In both cases, radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be recommended at the beginning. After the removal of the cancerous section, the patient may have radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Stage IIIC colon cancer surgery
A stage IIIC colon cancer surgeon will remove the affected portion of the colon, but not the lymph nodes around it. While stage IIIC colon cancer can be removed surgically, it should never be performed if cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. Surgical resection is usually the first treatment option for stage II colon cancer, but chemotherapy or radiation may be needed first. Surgical resection may also be combined with radiation or targeted therapy.
CCSS rates for stage IIIA and stage IIIB patients were higher than those for stage IIB/C colon cancer. CCSS was associated with higher survival rates, whereas OS was associated with poorer survival in stage IIIB/C patients. Among stage IIIA patients, CCSS rates were significantly higher than those for stage IIB/C patients. Overall, the survival rates for stage IIIA patients were significantly better than for stage IIB/IIIC patients.
Treatment options for stage IIIC colon cancer
There are several treatment options for stage IIIC colon cancer. Chemoradiation, targeted drugs, and radiation therapy are the primary options for these patients. Adjuvant radiation can shrink the tumor when it has spread to nearby organs and has positive margins. Patients who have a high-risk stage IIIC cancer may need both radiation and chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is typically given on an outpatient basis. Surgical treatments are often a last resort.
While colon cancer cannot be cured by chemo or surgery, it can sometimes be removed with surgery. In such cases, a section of colon containing cancer and the lymph nodes around it is removed and replaced. Sometimes a stent is inserted in the colon to keep it open. Another option for surgery is diverting a colostomy, which involves cutting the colon above the level of the cancer and attaching one end to the opening in the skin.