There are several different stages of colon cancer. These stages are based on different causes and risk factors. Doctors use staging as a guideline to determine the cancer’s stage and determine what type of treatment is best. They also use the stage to estimate the patient’s long-term outlook. Stage one of colon cancer is called carcinoma in situ, which is the most aggressive type of the disease. Stage two is called metastatic colon cancer.
Surgical treatments for colon cancer vary, depending on the stage of the cancer. Smaller polyps may be removed by polypectomy. During this procedure, the doctor inserts a flexible tube with a camera and cutting tools into the colon. Surgery may also include an anastomosis, a stitching procedure that connects the healthy parts of the colon back together. Surgical options for more advanced stages of the disease include total colectomy, which involves removing the entire colon. A surgical procedure called an ostomy connects part of the small intestine or colon to the abdominal wall.
People over age 60 are at increased risk for colon cancer. Other risk factors include heavy alcohol consumption and smoking. Additionally, exposure to radiation from cancer treatments in the abdomen also increases the risk of colon cancer. Therefore, it’s essential to get regular screenings, especially if you’re over 45. Dietary changes are also important. For instance, avoiding processed meat and wheat bran, as well as eliminating excess calories can help you reduce your risk.
Symptoms of colon cancer can be difficult to recognize at an early stage. However, if you’ve had any of these symptoms for more than a week, it’s best to seek medical help as soon as possible. Your physician will be able to determine whether you should have a screening and get a proper diagnosis. The treatment for colon cancer depends on the stage of the disease. You may need surgery if you’ve had changes in your bowel habits.
Stage three of colon cancer refers to the cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes. There are several smaller stages. Stage IIIA is when the cancer has not yet spread past the colon’s lining and has spread to a lymph node or three. Stage IIIB is when the cancer has spread to more than three lymph nodes and is affecting other organs in your abdomen. So, the stage three of colorectal cancer is characterized by several factors.
Various types of chemotherapy and surgery are available to treat colon cancer. Currently, oxaliplatin is approved for stage III Cca. A bolus of FU 400 mg/m as an infusion was used in this trial. Patients were then given 85 mg/m day 1 every 14 days for six months. Patients who receive chemotherapy often undergo radiation as well. They may be able to survive colon cancer if detected early enough.
The five-year survival rates for colon cancer show that if detected early, the disease is usually curable. In fact, 91 percent of people diagnosed with colon cancer live five years after diagnosis. New treatments and modalities have helped improve the outlook for patients with colon cancer. Interestingly, however, cases of colon cancer among younger adults have increased in recent years, despite overall decline in older adults. It’s a sad reality, but the disease is still treatable and has many promising treatments.
The treatment of colon cancer depends on various factors, including the stage of the disease and the type of colon cancer. Your doctor will determine which treatment method is right for you based on your overall health and stage of cancer. For example, if you notice blood in your stool, it could be a sign of colon cancer. The color of the blood may be dark or bright red, which indicates that it is cancerous. In addition, the tumor may spread to distant parts of your body.
Stage three of colon cancer treatment depends on the type of tumor and extent. CT, MRI, and PET scans are all common tests used to evaluate colon cancer. Blood tests are also used to detect tumor markers and help your doctor monitor you after treatment. Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation are all common treatment options for colorectal cancer. If detected early, surgery can even cure the disease and prevent further progression of the cancer. But if you do develop colorectal cancer, you should be aware of its risk factors and be proactive.
Polyps in the colon may also be a risk factor for the disease. While some polyps are noncancerous and should be removed by surgery, others are cancerous. Genetics, age, ethnicity, and family history can also influence your risk. In some cases, colon cancer is more common in men than in women, but it does not happen in everyone. It can be difficult to determine the exact risk factor for colon cancer, but it is important to understand the risk factors to reduce the risk of colon cancer.